Most likely, there is no such person who, in childhood, would not read books where the heroes looked for and found treasures, and did not dream of finding the coveted chest with gold and jewelry on his own. But in the books everything was simple, the main thing was to find the treasures, and what happened after that no longer interested anyone. But what to do if you are still lucky and your childhood cherished dream will come true?
Much depends on the circumstances under which the treasure was found. Article 233 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation means by treasure buried in the ground or hidden in another way money or other valuable things, the owner of which has not been established or, due to legal circumstances, has lost the right to them.
The found values are equally divided between the one who discovered them and the one on whose territory they were found, unless, of course, there was no other agreement between them. If the treasure was found without the knowledge of the owner of the land or the building where it was located, then the values should be transferred to him. It turns out that if you find a treasure on your site, then it will become your property in full, without 25% of the state tax. But, if the things you find will be of historical and cultural value, then they will become the property of the state. True, in this case the finder receives a reward equal to half the value of the treasure. If the treasure hunter was not alone, then the reward is divided equally between them. If the treasure was discovered on a foreign territory, without the knowledge of its owner, then the reward will be paid only to him. Museum workers establish the historical and cultural value of the found things.
All of these rules are not applicable if valuables have been discovered by persons who, due to their official duties, are not entitled to search for the treasure and carry out excavations carried out to find the treasure. For example, these are builders, workers engaged in the construction of gas and water pipelines.
Tips for treasure hunters
Those who are fired up with the idea of finding the treasure and getting it into their own property should not forget about the impermissibility of destroying or damaging cultural and historical monuments and structures in the process of searching for or extracting the found values. Also, no one has the right to excavate archaeological and cultural sites. To conduct archaeological exploration, you must obtain a special permit For excavations carried out without permission, the so-called "black excavations", in accordance with Article 243 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, the perpetrators are brought to criminal responsibility. Depending on the severity and circumstances of the offense, the punishment may be a significant fine or imprisonment for up to five years.
The income received from the discovered treasure, which came into the property of the finder, is subject to personal income tax. If the treasure is given into the ownership of the state, then in this case the finder is entitled to a remuneration that will not be taxed, in accordance with paragraph 23 of Article 217 of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation.