Industrial mountaineering is a technology for performing high-altitude work. The demand for specialists in this profile is due to their mobility and ability to work in places inaccessible to high-altitude installers.
High-altitude work carried out in hard-to-reach places in an unsupported space is called industrial mountaineering. The scope of this complex and life-threatening technology is very wide: from providing services for cleaning windows of high-rise buildings to installing mobile antennas. But the main share of demand is in the field of construction: restoration of facades, installation of drainage systems, sealing of interpanel seams, etc.
The peculiarity of industrial mountaineering (promalpa) is that specialists of this profile get to their workplace with the help of special climbing equipment, without using supporting structures (scaffolding, aerial platforms and construction cradles). Movement methods, fastening and belaying are in many ways consistent with the principles of sports mountaineering.
The main working tool is a rope, fasteners, belay devices. Due to the mobility of industrial climbers and the relative cheapness of work (in comparison with the use of expensive equipment), this technology is in demand in many industries.
As a separate profession, this type of work was legalized relatively recently - in May 2001. By the decree of the Ministry of Labor of the Russian Federation, the admission limit for high-altitude work was established and the specialty "industrial climber of the 5-7th grade" was introduced. But the issue of licensing and control of this activity has not yet been settled. The main performers of the promalpa are experienced climbers who provide services for the performance of high-altitude work, working under contract contracts.
But due to the lack of a clear regulation of this process, today everyone who wishes, having purchased equipment (as a rule, the most inexpensive and unreliable), having completed a course of short-term training, can position themselves as an industrial climber and work in this direction. The employer benefits from such a situation: he is not responsible for the safety of such a professional and does not provide him with overalls and equipment.
The demand for high-rise work is growing steadily, and many companies have emerged offering services of this kind. The peculiarity of this work activity is its seasonality: industrial climbers, as a rule, work actively only for six months, the second half of it they expect the onset of a new season.
Industrial mountaineering makes special demands on specialists of this profile: they must have good psychological training, since working at height in an unsupported space is very stressful. They need the skill of a cold-blooded assessment of the work situation, the ability to correctly calculate their strengths and control every movement.