Unpaid leave is provided for by the Labor Code of the Russian Federation. However, only a certain category of workers will be able to count on him under any circumstances. All others must necessarily agree on this issue with their superiors.
According to the labor legislation of the Russian Federation, unpaid leave is referred to as “unpaid leave”. Usually it is provided to the employee on the basis of his written application, and its duration directly depends on the agreement reached with the employer.
Obligations of the employer
It is the employer's responsibility to provide unpaid leave to certain preferential categories of workers. For example, working pensioners, as well as the closest relatives of dead servicemen, will be able to count on two weeks of additional rest. For disabled workers, leave without pay is provided for 60 calendar days.
All other employees must agree on all the nuances with the employer, who has every right to refuse their written application. The time frame for the vacation at one's own expense can be additionally specified in the collective agreement. In the field of education, a teacher has the right to a one-year leave without pay if he has 10 years of work experience. In other directions, everything will depend only on the consent of the administration.
In respectful family circumstances, which usually include the birth of a child, the registration of a marriage or the death of a close relative, each employee is entitled to 5 days of unpaid leave.
How to take a vacation without pay
Even if the employer has agreed to provide additional leave, he will definitely not be included in the total length of service. The only exception is the first 14 calendar days. According to the Russian Labor Code, an employee must notify his superiors in writing two weeks in advance about the need for additional leave. This rule also applies to those employees whose employer has no right to refuse, otherwise even one missed day will be considered absenteeism.
Unpaid leave is always an initiative of the employee himself. If the employer sends such leave directly, this can be regarded as a serious violation of the Labor Code. However, it should be remembered that such "vacations" will necessarily postpone the time frame for compulsory paid leave. Lawyers usually advise referring to such a procedure only if absolutely necessary, especially since the indication of the reason in a written statement is a prerequisite.