The profession of a journalist is very important and responsible, because it is he who covers events in the life of society. It is very important that the journalist always remains impartial and objective, and his stories are interesting to ordinary people.
Despite the fact that the global expansion of the media began relatively recently, there were some kind of journalists back in the Middle Ages. They only called them a little differently: heralds, couriers, messengers. Their task was to convey or literally bring important information as soon as possible, sometimes supplementing it with their own comments. Basically, they worked at the courts of kings or large feudal lords and conveyed information of a political nature. Heralds, or heralds, publicly read out decrees, reports and other important documents.
With the development of the press, television, radio, the media secured a special function of the regulator of public relations and public opinion, as well as the title of "fourth estate". There are many specializations in modern journalism: print or newspaper journalism, TV journalism, Internet journalism, radio journalism, photojournalism. Often these varieties overlap.
Also representatives of various specialties can be attributed to journalists: correspondent, presenter, commentator, moderator, columnist, photographer, interviewer and others. Some journalists work exclusively in a particular field within their organization, be it political, economic, sports or any other. Some represented professions even specialize exclusively in everything related to the president and his activities. The association of such journalists is called the "Kremlin or Presidential Pool".
It all depends solely on the field, specialization and type of media in which the journalist conducts his activities. Despite this, all journalists are united by one main responsibility: the search for information. This is 90% of the work. There are several ways to obtain information, one of which is observation. Here, the profession of a journalist is fundamentally different from all others, since he must observe constantly, without breaks and days off. Sometimes a journalist even temporarily merges into the culture or group about which he is going to write or talk, becoming a part of it. You can also get information from the primary source through interviews or research documents.
As soon as the journalist has received all the information he needs, an equally important stage begins - its processing. Information to the audience needs to be conveyed as interestingly as possible, and not just appealed with dry facts. After the publication of an article or video, the third stage begins: feedback. A journalist works for the people and with the people, so it should be important for him what people think about this problem or topic. Feedback can be in the form of comments on forums, letters to the editor, and so on. It is also the duty of any reputable journalist to process all of these opinions.