The initiation of a criminal case is not yet a verdict. And even in the law there are clearly spelled out points on the basis of which the case can be terminated. The main thing is to study the law well and find a good lawyer.
A criminal case can be closed on the basis of Article 24 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation. This article states that it is possible to terminate the case in the absence of an event, as well as corpus delicti. Also, the investigation may be terminated if the statute of limitations for criminal prosecution has expired, or in the event of the death of the suspect or the accused. The case cannot have its investigative continuation if the victim's statement is missing.
The criminal case must be terminated if, before the entry into force of the judgment, a new law has come into force, which cancels the adopted resolution. Also, the whole process is terminated if the criminal prosecution of all accused or suspects is terminated.
Article 25 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation states that a criminal case can be terminated if there was a fact of reconciliation of the parties. To do this, the victim must write a statement to terminate the criminal case. But besides this, the consent of the prosecutor is also required.
On the basis of Article 27 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, the case may be terminated if the accused or suspect is not involved in the crime committed. Also, the basis may be an act of amnesty or the existence of a verdict in the same case against the accused or suspect that has already entered into force.
A criminal case must be terminated if the accused or suspect is under the age from which he can be prosecuted. It can also be a mental illness.
The termination of a criminal case can be carried out in a court session on the basis of Article 254 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation, when the accusing party withdraws the charge. Also, in cases that are of a private nature, the process may be terminated due to the failure of the victim to appear without a valid reason.