You can initiate a criminal case on the fact of fraud by filing an application with law enforcement agencies. After a pre-investigation check, subject to the identification of signs of this crime, a criminal case will be initiated by an authorized official.
The initiation of criminal cases is the prerogative of the investigating authorities, however, as one of the grounds for making an appropriate decision, there is a statement by any citizen, in which a crime has been committed or an unlawful act is being prepared. That is why it is possible to initiate the initiation of a criminal case on fraud by drafting and submitting such a statement. At the same time, the criminal procedure legislation allows you to submit an application orally or in writing, but it is better to adhere to the latter method, which allows you to immediately officially register the appeal. In addition, anonymous appeals to law enforcement agencies should be avoided, since such statements are not grounds for initiating proceedings.
What to indicate on a crime report?
In the statement of the crime, the citizen should indicate his personal data, as well as detail all the circumstances known to him regarding the fraudulent act. When presenting, one should adhere to the official business style, concisely indicate the place, time, circumstances of the crime, the description of the criminals, the amount of damage caused, possible witnesses and other evidence. If necessary, all additional information will be revealed by the investigator or interrogating officer during an oral conversation with the applicant. On the acceptance of a written application, a citizen is issued a special coupon, which indicates the time, date, number of materials, the surname of the official who accepted the appeal. After that, the investigating authorities are given three days to check the received application, after which a procedural decision must be made.
How is a crime report checked?
After submitting an application to law enforcement agencies on the fact of fraud, the operatives conduct an examination of this appeal, the purpose of which is to confirm or refute the circumstances set out in the appeal. At this stage, the criminal case does not yet exist, but it is necessary to determine whether there are any signs of a crime. For this purpose, the investigator or interrogator may receive oral, written explanations, make official inquiries, order expert examinations, and perform other actions that are allowed by law before the relevant decision is made. If, during the three-day check, signs of a crime are found, then a decision is made to initiate a criminal case, and an appropriate resolution is issued.