Adopting a child and placing him in a family is the highest priority form. A child can be adopted before the onset of majority, in some cases a person who has reached the age of majority can be adopted. According to the family legislation of Ukraine, it is possible to adopt a child abandoned in a maternity hospital, on which an official refusal is written two months after birth, if other relatives do not wish to do so. A found child or thrown child can also be adopted only two months after the fact of finding. The adoption procedure is very long and consists of several stages.
It is necessary
- - passport of the adoptive parents
- - permission for adoption from the second spouse
- - act of survey of living space
- -Marriage certificate
- -the birth certificate of their children
- - a certificate of adoptive parents signed by all doctors
- - certificate of no criminal record
- -characteristics from the place of work and residence
- - certificates of income
A child can only be adopted by legally capable adults aged 21 years and older, whose collected documents are suitable for adoption.
If it is necessary to adopt a person who has reached the age of majority, then the adoptive parent must be 18 years older than the adopted child.
If the child has only a father, then his wife, who is not officially married to the father of the child, cannot adopt the child. The same situation is if the child has only a mother, then for the adoption of the child by her husband, she must have an official marriage.
Brothers and sisters cannot be adopted by different persons, only in exceptional cases with the permission of the guardianship and guardianship authorities.
Persons whose age difference with the child is 45 years or more cannot adopt a child.
To adopt a child in Ukraine, you should apply to the guardianship and guardianship authorities with an application and relevant documents or to the administrative departments entrusted with the execution of the powers of the guardianship and guardianship authorities.
The adoptive parent must be in a registered marriage and have permission for adoption from the second spouse.
It is imperative to collect certificates that there is no criminal record. Sign the issued certificate in the guardianship and guardianship authorities from all the specified doctors, which include a psychiatrist, narcologist, oncologist, therapist, in a tuberculosis dispensary, etc., that is, the adoptive parents must be completely healthy, not have any diseases specified in the list of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine …
Housing conditions should be examined not only by the commission, but also by the guardianship and guardianship authorities.
Foreign citizens can be adoptive parents of children from Ukraine only in specially considered cases or if they are in a registered marriage with the child's mother or father.
Direct adoption takes place by a court decision with the obligatory participation of the guardianship and guardianship authorities.