What Is Regulated By The Civil Code Of The Russian Federation

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What Is Regulated By The Civil Code Of The Russian Federation
What Is Regulated By The Civil Code Of The Russian Federation

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The Civil Code of the Russian Federation regulates contractual obligations, other property and non-property obligations, corporate and other relations. The main characteristic of these relations is equality, property independence, and the autonomy of the will of the participants.

What is regulated by the Civil Code of the Russian Federation
What is regulated by the Civil Code of the Russian Federation

The subject of regulation of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation is indicated in part 1 of the said document. The norms of civil legislation determine the legal status of citizens, legal entities, public legal entities. The most important object of regulation is the right of ownership, other property rights, the grounds for their occurrence, and the specifics of their implementation. Most of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation is devoted to the regulation of contractual, other property, non-property obligations between participants in civil turnover. The main characteristics of these relations that distinguish them from any others are property independence, equality of participants, autonomy of their will.

Separate blocks of relations regulated by the Civil Code of the Russian Federation

The Civil Code of the Russian Federation also regulates the relationship associated with the emergence, implementation of exclusive rights and other rights to the results of intellectual activity. It is this document that establishes the foundations of corporate relations within the organization, defines the basic principles of their management (specific norms in the development of these provisions are enshrined in separate federal laws). In addition, this act regulates entrepreneurial activity, since its implementation is associated with the inevitable entry into civil law relations. Intangible benefits (honor, dignity of a citizen, business reputation of an organization) are also protected by the Civil Code of the Russian Federation.

Who is involved in relations regulated by the Civil Code of the Russian Federation?

Virtually any subjects of law known to Russian legislation are involved in civil law relations. The main participants are citizens, organizations, public law entities. Representatives of the last designated group are Russia itself, its constituent entities, municipalities, which, when participating in these relations, act on an equal footing with citizens and organizations. Equally, the Civil Code of the Russian Federation extends its effect to the relevant relationships with the participation of foreigners, foreign organizations, and stateless persons. At the same time, any relations based on administrative, power subordination between the parties (for example, tax, criminal law relations) are excluded from the scope of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, since they do not meet the basic principles indicated above.

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