Modern teenagers try to start working early. And they have their own reasons for this. For example, independent work gives them more money than their parents do for pocket money. In addition, early going to work allows young people to feel more mature and independent in a safe way, because it is much worse if, in order to get a sense of adulthood, children start drinking, smoking, etc. And also, working in adolescence sometimes allows you to gain the necessary experience for the chosen profession in the future.
Russian legislation on the employment of a teenager gives an unambiguous interpretation - you can work. Another question is at what age and how many hours a day. And in order not to break the law and not get in big trouble for this, it is better to study all the available materials on the topic in advance.
When and how can a teenager work
According to the Labor Code of the Russian Federation, a teenager can start working without any problems at the age of 16. If he has a desire to start working earlier - at 14, he can also start working, but only on condition that he receives permission from a parent or guardian for this.
It should be understood that hiring a teenager is possible only for light work that will not harm either his physical or mental health.
No matter how eager a minor is to work, it is imperative to remember that work should in no case interfere with school attendance. Therefore, when drawing up a schedule for a minor, this circumstance has to be taken into account.
You can also hire a teenager who is less than 14 years old. Such a measure can be taken, for example, in a children's theater or circus, where children are involved in the troupe. However, action will also have to be taken with the consent of the adults in charge of the child. The parent or guardian signs an employment contract on behalf of the child, which specifies all working conditions.
How many hours can a teenager work
Children aged 14-15 must work a strictly defined number of hours. Usually this figure is 24 hours a week, but only on rest days, i.e. holidays at school. On the days when a teenager is studying, he can work no more than 2, 5 hours a day and no more than 12 hours a week.
For adolescents between the ages of 16 and 18, the schedule is somewhat tighter. They are allowed to work on vacation days up to 35 hours a week. If the work falls on school days - no more than 4 hours a day and no more than 17.5 hours a week.
And the employer must strictly observe these standards. Otherwise, not only the labor inspectorate, but also the board of trustees will fall upon him with claims.
Where teenagers can't work
Also, when registering a teenager, it is worth remembering that there are a number of professions for which adolescents are strictly prohibited. This is work in nightclubs, bars, related to the gambling business, etc. Positions related to the stay of a minor in a knowingly harmful or dangerous place, for example, at a chemical plant, are also prohibited.
Also, teenagers cannot work on night shifts, which are determined for them by the framework from 22.00 to 06.00, and on holidays and weekends. Naturally, various business trips are also prohibited.
But you can still find a suitable vacancy for young workers. They can act as assistants, work in gardening partnerships, etc. As a result, young people have a chance to earn their own money, so as not to beg for their needs and interests (movies, ice cream, etc.) from their parents.