Many of the authors of original ideas are categorically opposed to their ideas being implemented by other people. A great idea, along with other ingredients, assumes a successful business. Unfortunately, the idea cannot be patented. But on the other hand, an invention, utility model, or industrial design can be patented.
The invention is understood to mean a technical solution in any of the areas related to the product (device, microorganism strain, animal or plant cell culture, and the like) or method. And protection is granted only to an invention that is new, has an inventive step, and is also industrially applicable.
A utility model is a device that has a lower level of creativity than inventions. Therefore, a utility model is often referred to as a "small invention". The requirements for novelty and industrial applicability for the model are the same as for the invention.
An industrial design can also be patented. This is an artistic and design solution that determines the appearance of this product. You just need to take into account that the appearance in need of a patent must simply be new and original. But services, which are sometimes confused with an artistic and constructive solution, do not belong to the patent. Only a service method can be patented if it is new, fresh and original, or has an inventive step.
To obtain a patent, you need to apply for it. And for the application you need a number of documents:
Application for the grant of a patent, which must indicate the author of the invention, as well as the person in whose name the patent is requested and their place of residence;
A description of the invention that discloses it with sufficient completeness for understanding and implementation;
Claims showing the validity of patenting;
Item blueprints or other materials may also be present.
Now about the duration of the patent: patents for inventions are granted for a period of 20 years, for industrial designs - 15 years and for utility models - 10 years, respectively.
To obtain an international patent, you must notify the patent offices of the country in which you intend to obtain the patent. This can be done through regional or national attorneys. It should also be remembered that an application for an international patent can be filed only six months after the patent application has been filed in the Russian Federation.