Some things have recently been banned, but over time, social attitudes have changed and what some time ago was considered immoral or even criminal today is treated as the norm. The transition from prohibition to full acceptance is called legalization, which can affect all aspects of public life.
The word “legalization” has a very versatile meaning. Most often it is used in connection with the lifting of a ban on certain social actions that previously fell under taboo. So, since the 90s of the twentieth century, a whole era of legalization of previously prohibited activities began, whose prohibition was due to moral dogmas or state ideology.
At the same time, whitewashing a process is not always negative. For example, the legalization of the class of private entrepreneurs, previously banned in the USSR, is not destructive to public life, while the legalization and whitewashing of prostitution in some countries of the world to this day remains a very controversial issue even within the society of these countries.
Legalization or social legal acceptance of hitherto banned movements, social groups or drugs is always associated with a significant change in public consciousness, otherwise the society itself would oppose such changes. For example, before the legalization of same-sex marriage or euthanasia in European countries, the society of these states for several years was subjected to massive indoctrination in the form of social advertising, propaganda in art and cinema, debates in popular discussion shows and massive come-outs of popularly recognized pop or show business stars.
The legal aspect of legalization as the removal of restrictions on previously lumpenized groups of the population or social movements is secondary, and in the first place is always the conditionally voluntary acceptance of these groups by wide strata of society. After all, if in the middle of the 19th century, for example, in England they tried to legalize prostitution, then the idea would have suffered an obvious failure due to the unpreparedness of the highly moral English society of that time for such changes.
Legalization in national and international law
The process of legalization and legalization is also necessary in the legal system. Before the document comes into force, it must go through a period of approval, that is, legalization. Bills drawn up by parliaments have no effect until the process of their adoption by a majority of parliamentarians, to whom voters have delegated the very right to approve, that is, to legalize bills. After debate and consideration (reading), the document is adopted by a majority vote. From that moment on, it is legal and subject to universal observance. The same applies to international treaties, when a document is ratified, that is, it is legalized by the national government and acquires legal force on the territory of the entire state. The word “legalization” itself has Latin roots and is literally translated into Russian as “legal”.
Legalization in trade, pharmaceuticals and food industry
The use of additives, preparations and certain products is subject to mandatory certification. The certificate of conformity in this case allows you to freely and without restrictions distribute goods in the territory of a country or region, that is, makes its circulation legal and legal. Even those substances that do not pose a threat to life cannot be in free circulation on the national market until a conclusion on their safety is obtained. Legality in this case is achieved through the compliance of the composition with the parameters specified in the laws of the country. By complying with them, the product becomes legal, that is, its distribution is permitted by law.To put it simply, legalization is a common permit.