The limitation period for debts is established by the civil legislation of the Russian Federation. At the same time, the use of this period is associated with certain nuances that should be taken into account even at the stage of preparing documents for the court.
The limitation period in accordance with the current civil legislation of the Russian Federation is the period that is allotted to any person to protect his violated right. This period applies to monetary and other obligations, while in order to use the statute of limitations, it is necessary to have a civil case initiated in court.
The general limitation period is limited to three years, however, for some types of obligations, the law establishes special periods of greater or lesser duration. In any case, this period cannot exceed ten years. The limitation period begins at the moment when the person concerned learned about the violation of his own right (or should have learned about such a violation).
How to use the statute of limitations?
Many people mistakenly believe that the statute of limitations is automatically applied by the judiciary. In fact, this category has absolutely no effect on the possibility of applying to the court of the person whose rights have been violated. The court will accept the statement of claim for proceedings and initiate an ordinary civil law case. Moreover, before the interested party announces the expiration of the limitation period, the judicial authorities consider the dispute according to general rules.
If the term has really expired, and the defendant stated this, then this circumstance is the basis for refusing to satisfy the stated requirement. In this case, other circumstances of the case do not have legal significance, but a prerequisite is a statement on the expiration of the limitation period, made before the final decision on the case is made.
Features of the course of the limitation period
The limitation period may be suspended or interrupted upon the occurrence of the circumstances specified in the law. So, the specified period stops at the onset of extraordinary circumstances that prevented the modern filing of a claim in court. It is also considered a weighty basis for the plaintiff to be in the armed forces under martial law.
Finally, the suspension of the term may result from a moratorium on the fulfillment of the relevant obligations or the suspension of the normative act that governed the relationship between the parties. The listed circumstances must have occurred within the last six months of the term. In addition, the term is interrupted and begins to flow again with any recognition of the debt by the debtor himself.