Fraud is a type of criminal offense that falls under Article 159 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. A statement of a crime (fraud) can be submitted both in writing and orally. An oral application is drawn up with an appropriate protocol indicating the applicant's data and documents proving his identity. The protocol is certified by the personal signature of the applicant.
The applicant must always be warned about criminal liability for false denunciation (Article 306 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation). A note about this is made in the protocol signed by the applicant. Anonymous denunciation is not a reason to initiate a criminal case.
A written statement about a crime (fraud) is submitted to the law enforcement agencies of the required territoriality. The application is submitted to the duty department of the law enforcement agency and must be accepted and registered. If the on-duty department does not want to accept your application, you can send it by registered mail with notification, or contact the prosecutor's office at the scene of the crime.
However, in any case, the fraudulent claim must be properly filed. Otherwise, it may entail administrative or, much worse, criminal liability.
You must include the following information on your fraud report:
In the header of the application, write the name of the law enforcement agency to whom you are applying, and your details, passport details, address of residence and registration.
In the application itself, describe the circumstances of the incident, indicate the person who committed the fraud, state the request to initiate criminal prosecution against him under Article 159 "Fraud" of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation
Attach to the application all the necessary evidence of fraud that is available (documents, photographs, etc.). Please indicate the amount of damage caused to you as a result of the fraud.
Sign the application legibly with a description and date.
The prosecutor's office must conduct a fact-check within 10 days and decide whether to initiate a criminal case or refuse to initiate, in which case the prosecutor's office is obliged to send you a corresponding decree. Refusal to initiate a criminal case can be appealed to higher authorities or in court.